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The IP address
192.168.1.42 is registered by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) as a part of private network 192.168.1.0/24. IP addresses in the private space are not assigned to any specific organization and anybody may use these IP addresses without the consent of a regional Internet registry as described in RFC 1918, unlike public IP addresses.
However, IP packets addressed from a private range cannot be send through the public Internet, and so if such a private network needs to connect to the Internet, it has to be done through a network address translator (also called NAT) gateway, or a proxy server.
An example of a NAT gateway would be a wired or wireless router you receive from a broadband provider. The fixed IP address of such a device in network range 192.168.1.0/24 would generally be 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.1.254 depending on the provider.
You can use these types of IP addresses in your local network and assign it to your devices such as a personal computer, laptop, tablet (iPad, Samsung Galaxy Pad) and/or smartphone.